Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Christian Dior Essay

The House of Dior – A fashion house that over six decades is still going strong. From a humble beginning to a power house of fashion, this house of fashion has begun a â€Å"New Look† for their market during the start if it’s business and beyond. With avant-garde designs, Christian Dior has changed women’s fashion in his era. Starting a fashion business is no mean feat. One may need all the preparation and planning in order to be successful and have your creations reach the market. The House of Christian Dior Christian Dior, a Frenchman, started his career in the 1930’s by selling his sketches to numerous prospective clients. Soon his market was in love with his sketches and designs and that deemed his creations as a â€Å"New Look†. With such creations, Christian Dior needed financial support that was when he got Marcel Boussac (a textile manufacture) to back him up to open his own house of fashion. Boussac was able to persuade Christian Dior to have him set up his place along a trendy Paris street, which Boussac was readily able to fund Christian Dior’s endeavours. With such financial support, Christian Dior began to produce creations that were considered avant-garde at that time and he was able to freely create and design whatever he had come up with without any financial difficulty (Bawa, 2002). Christian Dior knew what he wanted in life and that was to be a part of the arts. He loved to draw and sketch and to create masterpieces. This has made him successful; he knew what he wanted to do. For an aspiring entrepreneur, one must know that before they start their own clothing line or fashion business they need to know that this is what they really want to. If not, the outcome would be less successful or become a failure (Amed, 2007). Christian Dior had financial support that one can dream of. For an entrepreneur, they need to have financial stability, business partners, and the like to easily start their business. Without this, it would be a tough challenge to get by to launch a business or even try to start one. When it comes to materials, Christian Dior did not have any problems in having a short supply of that. He had his business partner to thank for and this gave him an advantage to turn his creations into reality (Charleston, 2004). One must take note that during his time it was during the Second World War that textiles were rationed. He took the initiative to have women, not only in Paris, but throughout the whole world to have them feel more feminine. He had that idea and turned it into a reality. Even if his designs and creations were well received by his peers and prospective clients, there were numerous detractors that openly disliked his attitude. They deemed Christian Dior as extravagant due to his designs using fabric up to eighty yards long. One must see that Christian Dior clearly didn’t have a market due to the hardships that the whole world was currently going through. What he did was he created one. It wasn’t merely being in the right time and at the right place, he saw the need that women wanted during his time, and he began to create the solution to that even at the cost of being deemed extravagant and being boycotted by powerful governments of state. Still he persevered and went on with his plan to change the world fashion market. With Christian Dior’s untimely death in 1957, the house of Dior was stopped suddenly in their tracks, but Dior did not leave his house open for attack, he had two competent men under him that can drive his fashion house beyond. Yves St. Lauren stepped in and headed the House of Dior into success with his designs. The house of Dior had numerous changes in the artistic development and currently has John Galiano. Starting a fashion business needs the entrepreneur to be at least five or ten steps ahead and having a fresh outlook and flow of ideas that they want to put into their market. They need to also know the latest trends and fads that the current market has in order to supply what the client wants. Not only having those ideas one must have a very good business plan in order to plan and execute strategies, decisions, and plans of actions when situations arises, especially those that are out of the box scenarios. The bottom line is that one must have passion for what they believe in. They need to believe in what they do is the right thing to do. Without these, starting up a business or even just planning for it would make all attempts useless and unfruitful. References: Amed, I. (2007). The Business of Fashion: Basics 1 – Setting up your own fashion business – what do I need to know first? Retrieved on March 9, 2008, from http://uberkid. typepad. com/fashionbusiness/2007/02/the_business_of_2. html Bawa, M. P. (2002). Christian Dior. History of Fashion. Retrieved on March 9, 2008, from http://www. historyofashion. com/historyofashion/dior. html Charleston, B. D. (2004). Based on original work by Harold Koda. â€Å"Christian Dior (1905 1957)†. In Timeline of Art History. Retrieved on March 9, 2008, from http://www. metmuseum. org/toah/hd/dior/hd_dior. htm

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Social Problem of Cyberbullying - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1653 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/02/15 Category Society Essay Level High school Topics: Bullying Essay Cyber Bullying Essay Did you like this example? As the uses of technology are rapidly rising, a new form of bullying has appeared. The newest form, known as cyberbullying, is, â€Å"the repeated use of technology to harass, humiliate or threaten† (Holladay, 2012). In South Hadley, Massachusetts, a new term â€Å"bullicide† was developed when Phoebe Prince committed suicide as a result of being cyberbullied. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Social Problem of Cyberbullying" essay for you Create order Phoebe was an Irish immigrant who was always going against societal norms. She chose to date boys who were (said by her peers) â€Å"too good for her.† Harassing posts all over social media immediately affected Phoebe and unfortunately led to her decision to commit suicide by hanging herself. Her tormentors are now facing criminal charges. This goes to show that cyberbullying is harmful to adolescents in today’s society. In general, society tends to agree that cyberbullying should not be tolerated for any reason. Although not always obvious, the bullies themselves also deal with similar personal difficulties. Although bullying and cyberbullying are similar, the act of cyberbullying is much more diverse. It can be committed almost anywhere due to the increase in technology. Students no longer need to confront their peer face to face. Instead, social media and other technology gives them the ability to harass or humiliate from behind a screen and sometimes remain anonymous. This eliminates the emotions that are usually brought up by traditional bullying. Cyberbullying plays a larger role than just hurting feelings. Ronald Alexander, a marriage and family therapist, explains that, â€Å"words can cause great psychological harm† (2012). Although cyberbullying is a universally known problem, the issues of student’s emotional stability, physical health, and self-worth need to be identified an d a solution needs to be found. Being cyberbullied negatively effects a child’s self-esteem; however, we often fail to understand the cause of bullying behavior. What underlying issue is he or she dealing with? The epidemic that is spreading across the United States is to sympathize with the victim and to punish the bully. While at first this may seem like the appropriate action, this may not stop the bully from repeating this aggressive act again on a different victim. Alexander proposes that adults are to blame for the children’s behaviors. He believes that children in society today lack two things: compassion and empathy. Alexander describes compassion as â€Å"a presence of being where one holds†¦respect for all beings† while empathy is â€Å"an attitude in keeping ones mind†¦ open to feelings†¦ that may differ from what you yourself hold to be true† (2012). The lack of these two characteristics could be the reason why adolescents cyberbully. Since they were not raised by parents who displayed compassion and empathy, they do not show compassion and empathy toward others. Charisse Nixon studied a cyberbullied victim and found that, â€Å"there is a significant relationship between cybervictimization and depression among adolescents† (2014). Not only do they experience the immediate effects of being harassed, but these feelings can affect their emotions for days, weeks, years, or sometimes even a lifetime (Alexander, 2012). Dealing with the emotional aspect of cyberbullying has been ignored by society. There needs to be a solution in our culture that will eliminate these trends with this cyberbullying epidemic. Not only does cyberbullying effect the emotions of the bully and victim, but it also has a negative effect on their physical health. Researchers have examined the relationship between cyberbullying and suicidal behavior among middle school to college age students and have found that, â€Å"both targets and perpetrators of cyberbullying were more likely to think about suicide, as well as attempt suicide, when compared to their peers who were not involved with cyberbullying† (Alexander, 2012). Being bullied shows to have harmful effects on the brain. Goldman even proves that it â€Å"can impact a child for life† (2012). Technology has become a necessity in today’s society which forces adolescents to have more access. But is it giving bullies the ability to continue their harsh treatment towards others? Studies show that students who have complete unrestricted internet access deal with more stress from cyberbullying because of the anonymous factor. Some victims even say that they fear everyday life because they may not know the main perpetrator. Although there are many known concerns that bullying causes such as anxiousness and worry, with cyberbullying, many go unnoticed. When Nixon studied a large group of high school students who have a past history with cyberbullying, he found a high rate of depression and even suicidal thoughts (2014). Since depression is often a silent factor caused by cyberbullying, it often goes untreated until symptoms become much worse. Victims deal with a vast amount of underlying issues which leads to low self-worth and confidence. Many adolescents who deal with the effects of being bullied, usually go through a stage of low self-confidence. They may feel as though they are not worthy because they have received so many negative comments about themselves in the past. The victims start to believe the cyberbullies. There has become a â€Å"lack of compassion† that is shown to adolescents by adults and loved ones (Alexander, 2012). No longer are children being lifted up and encouraged. Instead, they are being told to conform to the world. If a child is constantly being told that he is not good enough to be alive, why wouldn’t he believe it? If the only world they know is the cyberbully world that entraps them, what else do they know to believe? According to Holladay, â€Å"one-third to one-half of youths have been targeted by cyberbullies†. She goes on to comment that these past experiences lead the students to â€Å"a decline in academic performance† as well as â€Å"thoughts of suici de† (Holladay, 2012). Being cyberbullied by peer gives adolescents a sort of hopelessness. They no longer see living as worth-while. Instead, they view life as a major struggle. In order for this point of view to be changed in today’s society, there needs to be a widely supported movement that will show the importance of stopping cyberbullying. The United States has been faced with this major epidemic of cyberbullying. If it continues to be widely dismissed by parents and schools across the country, this social issue will never be properly put to an end. Although the victims of this social issue deal with the effects of being bullied, the bullies themselves usually deal with personal issues causing them to act irresponsibly by taking their pain out on others. If there was one thing that Barbara Coloroso wishes she could communicate to all bullies is that â€Å"destroying the life or safety of others†¦ is as destructive to themselves as it is to their victims† (2008). Due to the increased use of technology, cyberbullying has become the easiest way to harass others. Adolescents no longer have to deal with face to face confrontation. Instead most cyberbullying happens behind closed doors in private and goes unseen by others. The story of Phoebe demonstrating the act of â€Å"bullicide† shows that cyberbullyi ng does have devastating effects on today’s youth. If this epidemic is not addressed, the United States will see more cases like that of Phoebe Prince. Cyberbullying has become a destructive social issue for adolescents. Since technology is constantly changing and allowing greater involvement, society needs to change with it. Technology and internet capability has had a rapid increase over the past several decades. Although younger generations have much knowledge on how to use this technology, their parents and grandparents generations do not. This creates a technological gap between adolescents and their parents. Students are now growing up learning all about the internet and social media capabilities. Since this was not possible for their parents’ generation, they are behind on knowing about all of the capabilities and dangers that the internet brings. Cyberbullying will be on its way to being eliminated if this gap between generations is bridged. Parents must first be willing to spend their time learning about how the internet can be used safely for adolescents. Once they understand this, they need to enforce safe rules for their children to follow. They should not allow their children to h ave social media until they believe their children can handle it responsibly. Parents need to teach internet safety beginning at an early age in order to develop lifelong guidelines their children will follow – and eventually pass on to their children. This solution will eliminate health concerns caused by cyberbullying. Once the technological part of cyberbullying is addressed, parents can focus on instilling their family values into their children to boost self-esteem and self-worth. Children need to be dealt with in an uplifting way, this way they learn to positively build up others. If adolescents learn to handle conflict in a positive way from their parents, they will most likely respond to conflict online without hostility. Being proactive in imparting correct socially accepted behavior will lead to emotional stability and lessen the need for severe consequences. Parents will be comforted in knowing their students can handle negativity and conflict with their peers. Cyberbullying is a major social problem that the nation currently faces. Although technology has its significant benefits, it has also caused adolescent suicide caused by peer to peer cyberbullying. A cyberbully can cause other students to lose control of their emotions which causes a chain reaction of negativity. Children’s images of themselves is consumed with the hurtful comments of their peers. Their sense of confidence is completely lost through the negative opinions of others. Internet safety is now a major concern among parents and educators. However, cyberbullying can be only be stopped if these parents and educators take immediate action. They must learn about the technology being used and create safe rules their children should follow. They must also set an example for their children by instilling their family values into internet use. Positivity will be key in the elimination of this social issue. Once this problem is resolved, there will be significant progress ma de toward the safety and self-confidence in adolescent internet use.

Monday, December 30, 2019

Gender Differences In A Video Store Essay - 2225 Words

nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Hayes 1 Abstract The difference between male and females was examined in five investigations in a large, well known video store chain. Different genders were looked at in groups of all male or all female, single men and single women, and then groups of mixed gender. Differences between the two were measured in actions, words, and attitudes. The findings were in sync with what society generalizes so broadly as: men and women differ in everything they do. The research was conducted not to prove this familiar concept wrong but to†¦show more content†¦A man was more likely to know what movie he was looking for before he came in than a woman was. This was proven in countless conversations that a woman would initiate with a worker. A woman would spend a considerable longer amount of time in the store than a man. Couples that came in were the same in that the woman and the man of the couple would show the same actions as another woman or another man in different couple. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In this paper I not only show the gender differences in customers at a video store but I also back those findings up by the observation that was conducted. The findings of the paper can also be taken outside the video nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Hayes 3 store setting and can help us understand the age-old question of ?What makes men and women different My thoughts going into the research was of course men and women would differ to some extent. The extent to which they differ is what powered the research and thus the paper. First Investigation: Basic Gender Differences The purpose of this first investigation in a large well-known video store in Manchester, CT, was to scope out basic surfaceShow MoreRelatedEssay On Gender Socialization1574 Words   |  7 Pages Gender Socialization and Children’s Retail Children are known for absorbing information from the world around them. Therefore, what children are exposed to while they are growing is important, as they learn a lot from the world around them. In this paper, the process of gender socialization will be discussed and examined. In specific, how retail marketed for young children may have an effect on their development, especially as they distinguish gender. Socialization is general the processRead MoreMy Family At Toys R Us For Her Daughter s 8th Birthday1274 Words   |  6 Pagesher in buying a present at Toys R Us for her daughter s 8th birthday. When entering the store it gave a very exciting and bright atmosphere. 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Saturday, December 21, 2019

Child Justice Act Child And Youth Care Centers Or Prisons

In South Africa, there are two avenues for residential youth confinement: child and youth care centers or prisons. The former provides support services for youth with varying needs such as children with substance abuse problems, children living in overcrowded homes and so on. This is as a temporary measure and is only advocated as a measure of last resort. In prisons, a child under the age of 14 is ineligible to serve a prison sentence and can only serve the minimum amount of time as deemed necessary by the judge; this is in stark contrast to the United States juvenile system where there is variation in the age limits, which depends on the state lines. North Carolina’s minimum age is at 6-years; others use the age of seven with a majority using the age of seventeen. Juvenile supervision can be further extended its jurisdiction for individuals who were tried under a juvenile system well into their twenties. The South African Child Justice Act prescribes four categories under which sentencing may occur: community-based, restorative, correctional supervision and custody. The act allows some leeway in terms of justice served allowing prosecutors to divert youth to another category if deemed necessary, a judge can dismiss cases during the preliminary stage, making restorative and rehabilitative justice a key component in the justice system. On the other hand, the United States attempts to ‘crack down’ on serious offenders or repeat offenders. The Supreme Court upheld the deathShow MoreRelatedA Child With Adult Consequences Essay1688 Words   |  7 PagesA Child With Adult Consequences Adults are held accountable for their actions and expected to abide by the laws and if they do not there are consequences to follow. Some punishments can be as little as a monetary fine, or as detrimental as life imprisonment. Today, some children face these exact consequences depending on their actions. 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Friday, December 13, 2019

Cons of Obamacare Free Essays

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is the first major healthcare act passed since the 1967’s Medicare and Medicade act. Obamacare is the name given by critics, because of the power that is given to the federal government to regulate healthcare prices. The reason given that this act was passed is that it willl save billions of federal dollars each year. We will write a custom essay sample on Cons of Obamacare or any similar topic only for you Order Now Many people against the act believe it should be repealed ,and the reason for this is, because it gives away healthcare to people who don’t pay for it. The act also takes away from seniors who really need the medi,cade benefits, and also makes doctors increase how much people pay them. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is an extreme set of laws that give the federal government too much power over health care, lets government choose the price of health care, takes away health benefits from senior citizens, takes away more care from people who work for it truly deserve the care, and in addition it is already costing three times more than what it was expected to cost. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is an act that generally lets everyone have health care, and is supposed to make health care cheaper. The idea of this plan is to reduce the cost of health care over a decade by 1. 2 trillion dollars making everyone get health care. Overall studies have shown that in the first decade it actually cost 3. 2 trillion dollars to insure everyone, and that is not good at all. There are many good parts of medicare like how it benfits small business, and it allows for parents to let their kids stay on their own insuramce plan until they are 26 which actually earns health insuracne companies for money in the long term. However the Obamacare will actually hurt the middle class, and more than likely increase health insurance cost for everyone. This wiill ultimately hurt our budget deficit recovery plan which is the whole reason the PPAC was initially made. Obamacare was a dishonest plan to begin with, and if Romney gets in office hopefully he will repeal the horrible act that is Obamacare. Many people think The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is socialism. There are many reasons for this, one is that it lets the federal government mandate what the price of health care is which in effect can cause the prices of healthcare to go up dramatically within the next four years. This also makes everyone get health care even if that set family cant afford it which is a form of Socialism. If you refuse to get the new health care, like in the case of small businesses with over 50 employees they will drop existing businesses medicade plan that you have, and you wont have the extra care at all. In all technicallity there has been no limit in which the federal government can tax Americans for health care. In the long run that will put a bigger dent in Americas economy and our debt to China. Senior citizens across the country who cant afford regular health care prices use medicade to lower their price, and The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is making it more difficult for seniors to recieve Medicade help practically taking all the relief given to senior citizens with obamacare. The effects on senior citizens will be catastrophic there will be a shortage of 95,000 doctors due to pay cuts. Which will make it to where less and less people can be seen by a doctor each day. Seniors, in fact, will have to pay at least ten percent more than their usual medicare plan due to tax cuts, and price increases. Another bad fact is that due to Obama’s irresponsible tax cuts that fifteen percent of medicare or medicaid plans will be cut from the system, directly affecting the amount of care that seniors will be able to recieve no matter what. One elderly woman from Massachusetts who is fighting parkinson’s says that she has already stopped recieving cheap care because doctors are already preparing for Obamacare in 2013. In 2010 president Barack Obama ensured us that in the first decade of his healthcare plan it will save us 1. 2 trillion dollars. However that was false, and The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 will cost three times more than what was originally projected. Republican senators have shown this estimate everytime they calculate the plan, and many say that Obama just plain out lied to Americans who had given him support. Also it will put Americans in an extra two trillion dollar deficit in which the total deficit will add up to 5 trillion dollars. The senate is already pushing to ammend the bill to where maybe we can correct his mistakes, but also save us money in the first three decades which was originally projected. Obama held a joint session in 2010 where he practically said this is the plan, and it will cost 900 billion dollars however its already made us spent three more times the usual amount for any health care plan in America. Many people who some say don’t deserve healthcare are getting healthcare while middle class families are giving more than ever to support these bums. Obamacare is practically ripping care out of the hands of people who work hard for care, yet supports the poor people who cant afford it. Now we must understand that there are special circumstances for people, but most people have the energy to get off the couch so they should be able to find a job. In most circumstances if they got laid off or whatever the other circumstances are, but it doesnt mean Obama should just give special care to these people because there to lazy to go out and work every day like normal Americans. The conclusion to my thoughts about The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is simple. One, it lets the government choose the price of healthcare and medicade, and also is a form of socialism. Two, war veterans, and senior citizens who worked hard everyday for our country are steadily being taken from. Three, the act grants them the power to tax more from medicade. Next, The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is starting to cost three times more than president Barack Obama originally projected it to cost. In conclusion the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 could’ve been a great act, but many others think it will be a economic disaster that sets off another depression. How to cite Cons of Obamacare, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

System Software Assignment free essay sample

Laser printers for personal computers ordinary use individual sheets of paper stored in one or more removable trays that slide in the printer case. Laser printers print ext and graphics in high quality resolutions, usually ranging from 1200 to 2400 dip while laser printers usually cost more than ink-jet printers, many models are available at affordable prices for the home user. Laser printers usually print at higher speeds than Ink-jet printers. 1. 2. Digital Camera Digital Camera is a camera that encodes digital images and videos digitally and stores them for later reproduction. The resolution of a digital camera is often limited by the image sensor that turns light into discrete signals. A digital camera can sometimes hold hundreds Of pictures which can be used in magazines. 1. 3. Graphic Card Graphic Card is a special circuit board that controls what is shown on a computer monitor and calculates AD images and graphics. Graphics cards take data from CPU and turn it into pictures to make a 3-D image; the graphics card first creates a wide frame out of straight lines. 1. 4. Card Reader Card Reader is a data input device that reads data from a card shaped storage medium.Transfers and backs up images and video from multiple memory cards at once. 1. 5. KGB RAM DRY Basically KGB of ram will hold twice as much working memory as KGB ram. It allows you to have more programs open at one time. KGB allows you to run ore heavy applications workload. 1. 6. BIBB HAD Internal Hard Administrate) It is good for Oxs, fast access and can have a lot of accessing information. Data is not lost when you switch off the computer usually fixed inside the computer so it cannot get mislaid. 1. 7. KGB External HAD (Seagate) It can provide both backup and storage.It is affordable and has a great way to share files on computers. External hard drives connected with fire wire will work at very high speeds. This makes it easy to copy large files quickly to your hard drive. One of the best things about external hard drives is that they are ratable. This makes it really easy to carry them around with you. They can be plugged into any computer and will be supported instantly without needing to install any drivers. 1. 8. Intel core 15 3. GHZ The ii processor is the mid-level central processing unit of Intel Corp.. S flagship Core brand, ranking above the Core ii line of processors, but below the Core ii. All Intel Core ii chips have Intel Turbo Boost Technology, which increases the processor speed to its absolute fastest rate when the operating system demands it for the very best performance. Each Intel Core ii has a lock speed, which denotes how fast it carries out its basic operations and is usually measured in gigahertz. The desktop PC processors under the Core ii brand has a clock speed range of 2. GHz to 3. GHz. Regarding data transmission rate, each processor offers 2. 5 billion or 5 billion transfers per second.Each Intel Core ii contains an integrated Intel HAD Graphics and memory controller. Also included is a Turbo Boost feature that increases original clock speed. For instance, the ii-680 desktop processor, which is the fastest within the ii family, can achieve a peak processing speed of 3. GHz tit Turbo Boost. Other technologies of the Core is include hyper-threading for improving multitasking, fertilization for integrating several computer environments into a single machine, Speed Step for improving performance without sacrificing energy efficiency and Execute Disable Bit as an anti-virus measure. . 9. 21 Inch LCD Monitor Samsung This is a picture perfect 21 Inch LCD Monitor. LCD are available to display arbitrary images (as in general-purpose computer display) or fixed images which can be displayed or hidden, such as preset words, digits and 7;segment displays as in a digital clock. The LCD Screen is more energy efficient and can be disposed of more safely than a CRT. Its low electrical power consumption enables it to be used in battery-powered electronic equipment. 2. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS 2. 1. Microsoft Excel 2013 Excel is one of the best known Spreadsheets. Excel allows one to create spreadsheets on which automatic calculations can be performed. Other uses of the MS Excel include calculating wages, generating invoices, monitoring stockpiles and tracking business income and expenses. 2. 2. Adobe Undersign CSS Adobe Undersign is a desktop publishing software application produced by Dobb systems. It can be used to create works such as posters, flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers and books. Undersign is a page layout application in which graphics (created elsewhere) and text are combined to create layouts and prepare them for printing 2. . Quarrels Quarrels is a computer application for creating and editing complex page layouts. Quarrels is used by individual designers and large publishing houses to produce a variety of layouts from single page flyers to the multi- media projects required for magazines, news papers, catalogs and the like. 2. 4. Corer Draw Corer Draw is software created by Corer Corporation, and it is used for vector graphic editing and design with Corralled, users can add special effects to images alter their contrast and color and manage MultiMate documents. 2. 5.Windows 8 64-Bit operating system Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family f operating systems. Windows 8 start up more than twice as fast as windows 7. Windows 8 gives PC users a whole new world of full-screen; touch friendly, web-connected APS to explore. And these new APS can even display relevant information on their windows start screen tiles, something impossible in windows 7 or just about any other operating system around. 2. 6. Microsoft Word 2013 Microsoft word is a widely used commercial word processor designed by Microsoft.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Albinism Essays (1256 words) - Skin Pigmentation, Albinism, Melanin

Albinism Essays (1256 words) - Skin Pigmentation, Albinism, Melanin Albinism INTRODUCTION For my research project I have chosen the genetic disease albinism. There are a few reasons why I chose albinism as my topic. First and foremost, in kindergarten I had a friend who was an albino, and although I have not seen him in over 10 years I am still curious as to what the causes of albinism are. Back then, my mother explained it to me by saying, thats just the way his skin is which is a fine way to explain it to a five year old, but now I find myself wanting to know more. Another reason I am curious about albinism actually extends from my first reason. I often wondered if there was any chance that my kids could possibly be born with it. I know now that it sounds a little bit ridiculous but I would sometimes worry that I wouldnt be able to take my children to the beach (I knew this because my friend from kindergarten could never come with us when we went in the summer). I also used to wonder whether or not my friend could see the same way I could, since his eyes looked so different from mine. As a result of all of this, I could not turn down the opportunity to research a disease that has held my curiosity for such a long time. PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERISTICS The most prominent phenotypic characteristic of albinism is obviously the lack of skin coloring. Albino skin is whitish in appearance, sometimes seeming to be almost translucent. Similarly, albino hair is also very pale, appearing closer to white than blonde. Albinism makes the skin extremely sensitive to sunlight. Albinos need to be very careful about exposure to the sun as they have a very high risk of burning due to lack of protection from ultraviolet rays, which is normally provided by the pigment melanin (2). Similar to the skin, albino eyes also lack color; the irises usually appear pinkish. People with albinism often have eye problems. First of all, they suffer from severe sensitivity to bright lights. Cases of extreme nearsightedness or farsightedness that cannot be completely corrected with eyeglasses are also common. People with albinism also sometimes demonstrate an involuntary back and forth movement of the eyes called nystagmus. Finally, people with albinism are more likely to develop astigmatism. It is possible to have albinism that affects the eyes without also affecting the skin. This is known as ocular albinism (3). INHERITANCE Albinism is an autosomal recessive disorder. All the children of two affected homozygous affected parents are also affected. This means that two parents who have albinism, and who possess two recessive alleles each for albinism will produce affected children 100% of the time. Being a relatively rare disorder, albinos are often the children of unaffected parents (this is the case with autosomal recessive disorders). Parents who are both heterozygotes (both carriers of the disease but not having it themselves) have a 75% chance of producing a normal, non-affected child. Because albinism is not carried on the sex chromosomes, it is expressed equally in both males and females, and either parent can transmit the disorder. Albinism also affects people of all races equally. Approximately 1 in 17,000 people has one of the types of albinism, which amounts to roughly 18,000 people in the United States (1). GENETIC AND CELLULAR ORIGINS Albinism is located on chromosome 11q 14-21. The gene associated with albinism is called OCA1 (among a few others). OCA1 codes for the protein tyrosinase. This protein is responsible for converting tyrosine into something called DOPA (dihydroxyphenylalanine). DOPA plays an important part in the formation of melanin by next becoming dopaquinone. Dopaquinone then forms black-brown eumelanin or red-yellow pheomelanin. Melanin is a pigment, the absence of which causes albinism (2). Albinism occurs when something causes the OCA1 gene to function improperly. This improper function disrupts the production of tyrosinase. With tyrosinase production malfunctioning, it is impossible for the body to make DOPA and as a result the body is also prevented from making melanin. The absence of melanin causes the lack of color in the skin of people who are affected with albinism (2). MOLECULAR ORIGINS The cDNA sequence for the OCA1 gene is 1607 bases long; 325 Adenine,